The purpose of this article is to give a light of five historical facts that conventional history keeps in shadow for Centuries. I hope you will enjoy IT!
The Dutch justice
Today the Netherlands is among the most prominent defenders of democracy and Western values. The lower land is known for its transparent policies and support of freedom. The diamond in the liberal crown of the European state is the International Court of Justice located in Hague. This is the official judicial organ of the United Nations.
Anyways, in the 17th Century, the Dutch traditions and tempers for justice were far away from liberalism, the death of then Prime minister Johan de Witt is an excellent illustration of how different were the juristic practices of the local society.
Politically, de Witt was a dedicated Republican. Highly educated in law and mathematics, he supported religious tolerance, and policies promoting trade and economic wealth. Nevertheless, the initial success and popularity of his policies, in 1672 the Dutch Republic was at the same time attacked by France, the prince-bishops of Münster and Cologne and England. The foreign armies quickly demolished the Dutch resistance. The military fiasco led Holland to an economic, social and political collapse.John de Witt was seen as the main culprit for the disaster and therefore arrested for treason. The prime minister was tortured but refused to confess guilt. Although his refusal to accept the verdict he was murdered together with his brother. The local civic militia left the dead bodies to a mob which multiplied, roasted and ate them.
The British “tolerance” towards homosexuality
Since the Buggery Act of 1533 passed by the British Parliament during the reign of Henry VIII to Sexual Offences Act in 1967, homosexuality was criminalized and targeted for persecution in the UK as the punishment was often death penalty.
A piece of evidence for the extremely unhuman measures imposed on the gay community in England is the circle of Alan Turing’s life, well known as the father of modern computing. He was a brilliant mathematician, logician and a war hero. Turing developed the idea of the modern computer and artificial intelligence. During the Second World War, he worked for the government breaking the enemy’s codes and saved thousands of lives. Anyway, nevertheless his nature of polymath and contribution to the development of the global society, in 1952 Alan Turing was accused and after confession convicted in homosexuality. He had to choose between imprisonment and chemical castration with injections of estrogen hormone for a year. Turing submitted the second option. In 1954, he was found dead by cyanide poisoning, and the official statement of the Police is suicide. Nonetheless, the decriminalization of the homosexuality, the undoubted progress in the rights for the LGTB and the royal pardon to Alan Turing and all “criminals” in the UK, cases like this are the reason for many people to stay behind the curtain of their own personality.
Byzantium empire is a German fiction
The term “Byzantine empire” is a German label of the Eastern Roman empire manufactured by the historian Hieronymus Wolf in 1557. The lie has been very well accepted and spread in Christian Europe for Centuries. But, a superficial glance into the history of the region reveals that the name “Byzantine” is just a cheesy fiction. Substantial evidence for the manipulation are the facts that the official language of the empire was Latin; its inhabitants called themself Romans, and some of the most successful “Byzantian” emperors named themself Romans as well. Even Justinian I “The Great” was named Ultimus Romanorum, an expression used to describe a person thought to embody the values of the Ancient Roman Empire-values which, by implication, became extinct on his death.
Communism was created for good!
After a series of modifications, communism is viewed as an absolute evil nowadays, but its real purpose was nothing but the destruction of thе social inеquаlity and constructing peace and harmony. According to its ideological father Karl Marx, in capitalism, there are two classes, bourgeoisie and proletariat. The bourgeoisie is the owners of the means of production: the factories, businesses, and equipment needed to produce wealth. The proletariat is the workers. He noted that to maximize their profit, the owners oppress the employees by providing to them miserable remunerations only enough to cover their primitive and most essential needs, this injustice will lead to enormous riot when the workers will smash the capitalistic elite.
Thinking about the structure of the social order today, his theory is still very relevant, especially south of paradise. Anyways, the 8 hours working day, the welfare system and pension system are indirect results of the pressure created from the followers of his ideology.
The human exhibitions
In 21 st Century the humanity is dreaming for a Global society marked by a culture of peace and pluralism, but if we bring the time hundred years back, this idea would be considered as an extreme utopia, existing only in the head of foolish romantics. In addition to the brutal racism and institutionalized slavery, there were human exhibitions, where people were equalled to wild animals due to their origins. For example, Otto Benga, a representative of Mbuti people, was displayed in the zoo’s Monkey House in Bronx. In one of the oldest amusement parks in the world Tivoli in Denmark, its past includes some “dark” history as well. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Tivoli hosted human exhibitions with a different type of exotic humans, mostly from India, showing the everyday life of their motherland – performing coolies with their two-wheeled rickshaws – snake charmers – dancers – actors – acrobats and much more outlandish – which gathered crowds of curious Copenhageners and Danes.
O, tempora ,o, mores!* is a Latin sentence used as an exclamation of despair at prevailing social or political norms.